1. History’s Story
  2. Wanderers and Settlers: The Ancient Middle East to 400 B.C.
  3. The Chosen People: Hebrews and Jews, 2000 B.C. to A.D. 135
  4. Trial of the Hellenes: The Ancient Greeks, 1200 B.C. to A.D. 146
  5. Imperium Romanum: The Romans, 753 B.C. to A.D. 300
  6. The Revolutionary Rabbi: Christianity, the Roman Empire, and Islam, 4 B.C. to A.D. 1453
  7. From Old Rome to the New West: The Early Middle Ages, A.D. 500 to 1000
  8. The Medieval Mêlée: The High and Later Middle Ages, 1000 to 1500
  9. Making the Modern World: The Renaissance and Reformation, 1400 to 1648
  10. Liberation of Mind and Body: Early Modern Europe, 1543 to 1815
  11. Mastery of the Machine: The Industrial Revolution, 1764 to 1914
  12. The Westerner’s Burden: Imperialism and Nationalism, 1810 to 1918
  13. Rejections of Democracy: The InterWar Years and World War II, 1917 to 1945
  14. A World Divided: The Early Cold War, 1945 to 1980
  15. Into the Future: The Contemporary Era, 1980 to the Present
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Primary Sources for Chapter 5
Imperium Romanum: The Romans, 753 B.C. to A.D. 300

Study Guide | Art History | Links

World Conquest in Self-Defense

Galgacus: on Roman Imperialism:  An enemy commander provides a negative view of Roman empire-building.
Content Question: How does Galgacus characterize the Romans and their motivations?
Analysis Question: Why would the Roman historian Tacitus provide this negative speech?
Evaluative Questions: Can imperial conquest be to the advantage of a conquered people?


The Price of Power

A Description of Julius Cæsar:  Suetonius provides some views on the Roman leader.
Content Question: What are the good and bad qualities described?
Analysis Question: How do the criticisms show reasons for his assassination?
Evaluative Questions: How does Cæsar compare and contrast with other rulers (e.g. Hammurabi, Cyrus, Julius Cæsar, Augustus (below), Charlemagne, William “the Conqueror,” Louis XIV, or Napoleon)?

The full lives of Cæsar by Suetonius is available here and here.


The Absolutist Solution

Augustus’ Res Gestæ:  The first Roman Emperor advertises his achievements.
Content Question: What are the most important accomplishments listed here?
Analysis Question: How do these achievements reflect Roman social virtues?
Evaluative Questions: What in this list would make people support Augustus’ leadership?


The Roads to Knowledge

Inscriptions from Pompeii:  Writings on the walls of the buried city reveal Roman society.
Content Question: What are the different kinds of topics of the graffiti?
Analysis Question: Why would people seek to make these statements so public?
Evaluative Questions: How do these ancient inscriptions compare to modern graffiti and tagging?

Primary Source Project Links

1. Galgacus versus Agricola


Last Updated: 8 January 2017