Primary Sources for Chapter 9
Making the Modern World: The Renaissance and Reformation,
1400 to 1648
From the Trial of Joan of Arc: Inquisitors examine the heroine of the Hundred Years War.
Content Question: What specific actions and events turned a simple peasant girl into a leader of armies?
Analysis Question: How is Christian faith entangled in this trial?
Evaluative Questions: How are we to evalate the role of miracles and the divine in the events of Joan’s life and death?
Machiavelli’s Prince, Chapter 18: an opinion about the political utility of lying.
Content Question: What does Machiavelli say about moral qualities princes should have and under what circumstances?
Analysis Question: How do his metaphors help to explain his point?
Evaluative Questions: How much does this reflect the basic principle that “sometimes politicians do the exact opposite of what they say they are doing?”
Luther against the Peasants: The leader of the Reformation tries to stop rebellion.
Content Question: What Luther’s three criticisms of the peasants?
Analysis Question: How would this tract affect Luther’s standing among various groups in society?
Evaluative Questions: How reasonable is Luther’s prediction of what would happen if the peasant's won?
Pope Pius V’s Bull against Elizabeth (1570): The pope undermines the Queen of England.
Content Question: What are the pope’s criticisms of the Elizabeth?
Analysis Question: How good Catholics supposed to act?
Evaluative Questions: What alternatives did Elizabeth and the English have to deal with this bull?
Bartoleme de Las Casas, Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies. (1542): The first Spanish priest ordained in the New World describes the affects his compatriots had on the natives.
Content Question: What specific actions does the author describe the Spanish as doing?
Analysis Question: How does the author frame proper Christianity in this process?
Evaluative Questions: How much is Christianity implicated in the devastation?
For more go to http://lascasas.org/index.htm.