1. History’s Story
  2. Wanderers and Settlers: The Ancient Middle East to 400 B.C.
  3. The Chosen People: Hebrews and Jews, 2000 B.C. to A.D. 135
  4. Trial of the Hellenes: The Ancient Greeks, 1200 B.C. to A.D. 146
  5. Imperium Romanum: The Romans, 753 B.C. to A.D. 300
  6. The Revolutionary Rabbi: Christianity, the Roman Empire, and Islam, 4 B.C. to A.D. 1453
  7. From Old Rome to the New West: The Early Middle Ages, A.D. 500 to 1000
  8. The Medieval Mêlée: The High and Later Middle Ages, 1000 to 1500
  9. Making the Modern World: The Renaissance and Reformation, 1400 to 1648
  10. Liberation of Mind and Body: Early Modern Europe, 1543 to 1815
  11. Mastery of the Machine: The Industrial Revolution, 1764 to 1914
  12. The Westerner’s Burden: Imperialism and Nationalism, 1810 to 1918
  13. Rejections of Democracy: The InterWar Years and World War II, 1917 to 1945
  14. A World Divided: The Early Cold War, 1945 to 1980
  15. Into the Future: The Contemporary Era, 1980 to the Present
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Links for Chapter 9
Making the Modern World: The Renaissance and Reformation,
1400 to 1648

The End of the Middle Ages and the Beginning of Capitalism

Terry Jones’ The Middle Ages of Reason: the former member of Monty Python criticizes the Renaissance.


On the Renaissance

Florence Art Guide: many pictures of great art and architecture from the city in which the Renaissance originated.

A Witch Hunt: Germany 1628: an online simulation of persecution of alleged witches.


On the Reformation

The Reformation Page: lots of primary sources, a few articles, and some pictures set up by a professor at the University of Newfoundland.


On the Ottoman Empire

Discover the Ottomans: many short illustrated articles explaining the dynasty and its history.

Letters by Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: An English observer in the 17th century reports back to Europe.


On Western Colonial Imperialism

Spanish Exploration and the Conquest of Native America: maps, illustrations, and a few articles.

Mariner's Museum: Age of Discovery: a number of articles.

Europe and the Age of Exploration at the Met: short article and links to art.


Last Updated: 16 January 2017