Chapters

  1. History’s Story
  2. Wanderers and Settlers: The Ancient Middle East to 400 B.C.
  3. The Chosen People: Hebrews and Jews, 2000 B.C. to A.D. 135
  4. Trial of the Hellenes: The Ancient Greeks, 1200 B.C. to A.D. 146
  5. Imperium Romanum: The Romans, 753 B.C. to A.D. 300
  6. The Revolutionary Rabbi: Christianity, the Roman Empire, and Islam, 4 B.C. to A.D. 1453
  7. From Old Rome to the New West: The Early Middle Ages, A.D. 500 to 1000
  8. The Medieval Mêlée: The High and Later Middle Ages, 1000 to 1500
  9. Making the Modern World: The Renaissance and Reformation, 1400 to 1648
  10. Liberation of Mind and Body: Early Modern Europe, 1543 to 1815
  11. Mastery of the Machine: The Industrial Revolution, 1764 to 1914
  12. The Westerner’s Burden: Imperialism and Nationalism, 1810 to 1918
  13. Rejections of Democracy: The InterWar Years and World War II, 1917 to 1945
  14. A World Divided: The Early Cold War, 1945 to 1980
  15. Into the Future: The Contemporary Era, 1980 to the Present
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Theme

Summaries

Keywords

Review Questions

The Medieval Mêlée: The High and Later Middle Ages, 1000 to 1500

Primary Sources | Art History | Links

Theme

Conflict between feudal ranks of kingdoms and clerical hierarchies of the Church nearly tore apart the newly formed Western Civilization. By the end of the Middle Ages an economic recovery based on the rise of towns and trade provided new resources to Western Europe.

Summaries

Return of the Kings
Royal authorities strengthened their control over European kingdoms.

Discipline and Domination
Monastic reforms helped reinforce the power of the popes.

Plenty of Papal Power
A reformed papacy asserted authority over the political power of kings.

The Age of Faith and Reason
The medieval Church helps pushed the development of rational methods of learning.

A New Estate
The bourgeois of the towns separated themselves from the estates of clergy, nobles, and peasants.

Not the End of the World
After the Black Death, people increasingly questioned the authorities of manorial lords, the Holy Roman Emperors, and the popes.

Keywords

Return of the Kings
High or Central Middle Ages, Later Middle Ages, Otto I “the Great,” Holy Roman Empire, Norman conquest, William “the Conqueror,” Domesday Book, Henry II, Angevin or Plantagenet dynasty, Thomas Becket, Magna Carta, Parliament, Philip II “Augustus,” Philip IV “the Fair,” Estates-General

Discipline and Domination
Cluniac Reform, canon law, Cistercian Reform, canons regular, Hildebrandine or Gregorian Reform, Pope Gregory VII, schism, [Eastern] Orthodox Christianity, cardinals, simony, crusades, Reconquesta, monk-knights, assassination, Teutonic Knights, Prussia

Plenty of Papal Power
Henry IV, Investiture Contest, Concordat of Worms

The Age of Faith and Reason
universities, colleges, Peter Abelard, Thomas Aquinas, Scholasticism, nominalism, Dante's Divine Comedy, Romanesque, Gothic

A New Estate
fairs, industrialization, cottage industry, bourgeoisie, mayors, town councils, communes, guilds, mendicants, materialism, Francis of Assisi, apostolic poverty, Waldensians, Cathars or Albigensians, Catharism, dualism, inquisition

Not the End of the World
Black Death, Peasant Revolts, Golden Bull, Pope Boniface VIII, Avignon, “Babylonian Captivity,” “Great Western Schism,” conciliarism, Council of Constance

Review Questions

Other Questions

 

Last Updated: 8 January 2017