Chapters

  1. History’s Story
  2. Wanderers and Settlers: The Ancient Middle East to 400 B.C.
  3. The Chosen People: Hebrews and Jews, 2000 B.C. to A.D. 135
  4. Trial of the Hellenes: The Ancient Greeks, 1200 B.C. to A.D. 146
  5. Imperium Romanum: The Romans, 753 B.C. to A.D. 300
  6. The Revolutionary Rabbi: Christianity, the Roman Empire, and Islam, 4 B.C. to A.D. 1453
  7. From Old Rome to the New West: The Early Middle Ages, A.D. 500 to 1000
  8. The Medieval Mêlée: The High and Later Middle Ages, 1000 to 1500
  9. Making the Modern World: The Renaissance and Reformation, 1400 to 1648
  10. Liberation of Mind and Body: Early Modern Europe, 1543 to 1815
  11. Mastery of the Machine: The Industrial Revolution, 1764 to 1914
  12. The Westerner’s Burden: Imperialism and Nationalism, 1810 to 1918
  13. Rejections of Democracy: The InterWar Years and World War II, 1917 to 1945
  14. A World Divided: The Early Cold War, 1945 to 1980
  15. Into the Future: The Contemporary Era, 1980 to the Present
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Theme

Summaries

Keywords

Review Questions

Trial of the Hellenes: The Ancient Greeks, 1200 B.C. to A.D. 146

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Theme

The Greeks innovate in politics and culture while fighting among one another and with Persia.

Summaries

To the Sea
The Hellenes created a merchant economy and expanded out of the Balkan Peninsula to Europe, Asia, and Africa.

The Political Animal
Greek governance moved from aristocracy through tyranny to democracy (even in the more restrictive form of oligarchy).

Metamorphosis
Some Greeks managed to defeat the powerful Persian Empire; then the divisions between democratic Athens and oligarchic Sparta result in a civil war which provides the opportunity for Macedon to dominate both Greeks and the Eastern Mediterranean.

The Cultural Conquest
Despite the break-up of Alexander's empire, Greek art, literature, and philosophy infused their neighbors.

Keywords

To the Sea
Greeks, polis, colonization, Magna Græcia, Phoenicians, alphabet, Olympic Games, panhellenism, individualism

The Political Animal
democracy, aristocracy, hoplite, phalanx, land reform, tyrants and tyranny, citizenship, oligarchy, Sparta, egalitarianism, Athens, ostracism, Classical Age

Metamorphosis
Persian Wars, Peloponnesian Wars, Delian League, demagogues, factionalism, Macedon, Philip II, Hellenistic Age, Alexander III “the Great,” deification

The Cultural Conquest
hellenization, realism, naturalism, Olympian gods, anthropomorphism, civic cults, oracles, mystery cults, rationalism, hedonism, cynicism, Socrates, Plato, idealism, Aristotle, syllogisms and dialectic logic, humanism, sapphism or lesbianism, theater, epicureanism, stoicism

Review Questions

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Last Updated: 8 January 2017