Chapters

  1. History’s Story
  2. Wanderers and Settlers: The Ancient Middle East to 400 B.C.
  3. The Chosen People: Hebrews and Jews, 2000 B.C. to A.D. 135
  4. Trial of the Hellenes: The Ancient Greeks, 1200 B.C. to A.D. 146
  5. Imperium Romanum: The Romans, 753 B.C. to A.D. 300
  6. The Revolutionary Rabbi: Christianity, the Roman Empire, and Islam, 4 B.C. to A.D. 1453
  7. From Old Rome to the New West: The Early Middle Ages, A.D. 500 to 1000
  8. The Medieval Mêlée: The High and Later Middle Ages, 1000 to 1500
  9. Making the Modern World: The Renaissance and Reformation, 1400 to 1648
  10. Liberation of Mind and Body: Early Modern Europe, 1543 to 1815
  11. Mastery of the Machine: The Industrial Revolution, 1764 to 1914
  12. The Westerner’s Burden: Imperialism and Nationalism, 1810 to 1918
  13. Rejections of Democracy: The InterWar Years and World War II, 1917 to 1945
  14. A World Divided: The Early Cold War, 1945 to 1980
  15. Into the Future: The Contemporary Era, 1980 to the Present
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Theme

Summaries

Keywords

Review Questions

Mastery of the Machine: The Industrial Revolution, 1764 to 1914

Primary Sources | Art History | Links

Theme

The Industrial Revolution transformed the West into a wealthy, powerful, urbanized society, although many of the lower classes lagged behind in benefiting therefrom; so political conflict often focused on how to manage change.

Summaries

Facts of Factories
The Industrial Revolution built wealth in new ways.

Life in the Big City
Rapid urbanization made civilized life difficult.

Cleaning Up the Mess
After the fall of Napoleon, the conservative leaders of Europe tried to rebuild states and regimes.

For the Workers
Various kinds of socialism responded to needs caused by the Industrial Revolution.

The Machinery of Nature
The Scientific Revolution expanded to geology, biology, medicine, and the social sciences.

Keywords

Facts of Factories
nineteenth Century, Industrial Revolution, Scientific Agricultural Revolution. insurance, canals, spinning jenny, factory or mill system, steam engine, railroads, Luddites, Ricardo‚Äôs “iron law of wages”

Life in the Big City
urbanization, police, sanitation, indoor plumbing, working class or proletariat, so-called family values, consumer economy, advertising, skycraper, oil, internal combustion engine, automobile, airplane, petrochemicals

Cleaning Up the Mess
Romantic Movement, Congress of Vienna, Metternich, conservatism, Holy Alliance, Quadruple Alliance, collective security, liberalism, political parties, Reform Bill of 1832, Revolutions of 1830, Belgium, Revolutions of 1848, Third Republic, Paris Commune, Nietzsche, guerilla warfare, terrorism, anarchism

For the Workers
socialism, assembly-line production, utopian socialism, Robert Owen, “scientific” socialism or Marxism or communism, Karl Marx, The Communist Manifesto, dialectical materialism, social democracy or democratic socialism, Christian socialism, labor unions or trade unionism, state socialism, corporations, cartels or trusts

The Machinery of Nature
theory of catastrophism, fossils, geology, theory of uniformitarianism, evolution, Darwin, The Origin of Species, theory of natural selection, Social Darwinism, social sciences, higher criticism, fundamentalism, modernism, Freud, Pasteur, germ theory of disease, atomic theory

Review Questions

Other Questions

 

Last Updated: 8 January 2017