Chapters

  1. History’s Story
  2. Wanderers and Settlers: The Ancient Middle East to 400 B.C.
  3. The Chosen People: Hebrews and Jews, 2000 B.C. to A.D. 135
  4. Trial of the Hellenes: The Ancient Greeks, 1200 B.C. to A.D. 146
  5. Imperium Romanum: The Romans, 753 B.C. to A.D. 300
  6. The Revolutionary Rabbi: Christianity, the Roman Empire, and Islam, 4 B.C. to A.D. 1453
  7. From Old Rome to the New West: The Early Middle Ages, A.D. 500 to 1000
  8. The Medieval Mêlée: The High and Later Middle Ages, 1000 to 1500
  9. Making the Modern World: The Renaissance and Reformation, 1400 to 1648
  10. Liberation of Mind and Body: Early Modern Europe, 1543 to 1815
  11. Mastery of the Machine: The Industrial Revolution, 1764 to 1914
  12. The Westerner’s Burden: Imperialism and Nationalism, 1810 to 1918
  13. Rejections of Democracy: The InterWar Years and World War II, 1917 to 1945
  14. A World Divided: The Early Cold War, 1945 to 1980
  15. Into the Future: The Contemporary Era, 1980 to the Present
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Theme

Summaries

Keywords

Review Questions

Liberation of Mind and Body: Early Modern Europe, 1543 to 1815

Primary Sources | Art History | Links

Theme

First, new methods of learning created science which freed the human mind from past authorities; second, new attitudes loosely based on scientific attitudes began to promote political freedoms.

Summaries

Lost in the Stars
The so-called first Scientific Revolution created modern astronomy and physics.

From the Salons to the Streets
The Enlightenment spread scientific attitudes through much of Western culture.

The State is He (or She)
Absolutism, whether justified by Christian divine-right or the Englightenment, flourished as the dominant political system.

(Prosperous) People Power
A few elites established republican representation and constitutional limitations, especially in the Netherlands, Great Britain and the new United States of America.

The Declaration of Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity
The ideas of the Enlightenment broke free in the French Revolution.

Blood and Empires
Napoleon's successful imperial takeover of Revolutionary France, and then most of Europe, provoked warfare until his ultimate defeat.

Keywords

Lost in the Stars
Scientific Revolution, Geocentric Theory, Heliocentric Theory, scientific theory, Gregorian Calendar, Copernicus, Galileo, Newton, the scientific method, science academies.

From the Salons to the Streets
The Enlightenment, philosophes, salons, empiricism, Adam Smith, theory of laissez-faire, skepticism, Descartes, deism, agnosticism, atheism, “Great Awakening,” humanitarianism, Mary Wollstonecraft, progress, encyclopedias

The State is He (or She)
divine right, enlightened despotism, Richelieu, Louis XIV, cabinet, Versailles, Russia, Mongols, Peter I “the Great”, westernization, St. Petersburg, Maria Theresa, Frederick II “the Great,” Seven Year’s War, Partitions of Poland

(Prosperous) People Power
Swiss Confederation, republicanism, constitutionalism, plutocracy, Great Britain, English Revolution, Separatists, English Civil War, Cromwell, Commonwealth, Restoration, Glorious Revolution, prime minister, constitutional monarchy, British Empire, the American Revolution, the United States of America, federalism, presidency

The Declaration of Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity
French Revolution, ancien regime, Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, Tennis Court Oath, Storming of the Bastille, Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen, Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Citizeness, right, left, moderate, reactionary, radical

Blood and Empires
Wars of the Coalitions, Reign of Terror, Committee of Public Safety, Napoleon Bonaparte, plebiscite, Napoleonic Code, Continental System, Battle of Waterloo

Review Questions

Other Questions

 

Last Updated: 8 January 2017