1. History’s Story
  2. Wanderers and Settlers: The Ancient Middle East to 400 B.C.
  3. The Chosen People: Hebrews and Jews, 2000 B.C. to A.D. 135
  4. Trial of the Hellenes: The Ancient Greeks, 1200 B.C. to A.D. 146
  5. Imperium Romanum: The Romans, 753 B.C. to A.D. 300
  6. The Revolutionary Rabbi: Christianity, the Roman Empire, and Islam, 4 B.C. to A.D. 1453
  7. From Old Rome to the New West: The Early Middle Ages, A.D. 500 to 1000
  8. The Medieval Mêlée: The High and Later Middle Ages, 1000 to 1500
  9. Making the Modern World: The Renaissance and Reformation, 1400 to 1648
  10. Liberation of Mind and Body: Early Modern Europe, 1543 to 1815
  11. Mastery of the Machine: The Industrial Revolution, 1764 to 1914
  12. The Westerner’s Burden: Imperialism and Nationalism, 1810 to 1918
  13. Rejections of Democracy: The InterWar Years and World War II, 1917 to 1945
  14. A World Divided: The Early Cold War, 1945 to 1980
  15. Into the Future: The Contemporary Era, 1980 to the Present
to Top of Page

Primary Sources for Chapter 15
Into the Future: The Contemporary Era, 1980 to the Present

Study Guide | Art History | Links

A Surprise Ending

Remarks at the Brandenburg Gate:  Ronald Reagan defines the issues of the Cold War.
Content Question: What are the differences Reagan points out between the “West” and the Soviets?
Analysis Question: How does Reagan frame the issue as if the “West” had already won the Cold War?
Evaluative Questions: Did qualities of “faith,” “truth,” or “freedom” bring down the wall or other more definable actions? How does this definition of American goals compare with those asserted by other presidents, e.g. Truman, Kennedy, Johnson).

Searching for Stability

Geert Wilders's Speech of 6 September 2007; see also:  The leader of the nationalist Party for Freedom warns against islamicization.
Content Question: What are Wilders’s concerns about the Netherlands and the West?
Analysis Questions: How does he place his analysis in a religious context? How does he use historical examples?
Evaluative Questions: Does his presentation use rhetorical exaggeration and drama or is it realistic?

Other perspectives on Islam in Europe are here and here. For Geert Wilders's warning to America, see here.

An Unexpected Revival

Radio Address by President Clinton:  the American leader explains his country’s and NATO’s involvement in Bosnia.
Content Question: What does the agreement set forth to maintain peace?
Analysis Question: How does the president justify American involvement in this issue?
Evaluative Questions: How successful has the agreement been? When and how should nations intervene should powerful states and alliances intervene in the “internal” affairs of others?

See also: Many documents on the Cyprus Problem are to be found at the Press and Information Office for the Republic of Cyprus.

Haves and Cannots

Death of the Globalization Consensus:  A Harvard professor notes diverging views about the globalized economy, just at the beginning of the major collapse of 2008.
Content Question: What are the criticisms the author notes?
Analysis Question: What does the author suggest needs to still be done?
Evaluative Questions: How can the process of economic globalization be changed or controlled?

See also: some other views of globalization are offered here or here.

Values of Violence

Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders:  Osama bin Laden issues a fatwa against America.
Content Question: What reasons does bin Laden give for hostility toward Americans?
Analysis Question: How does he place his suggestions in a religious context?
Evaluative Questions: How justifiable is it to call the actions of either America or al Queda a crusade or jihad?


Primary Source Project Links

15. The European Central Bank versus the National Front


Last Updated: 8 January 2017