Chapters

  1. History’s Story
  2. Wanderers and Settlers: The Ancient Middle East to 400 B.C.
  3. The Chosen People: Hebrews and Jews, 2000 B.C. to A.D. 135
  4. Trial of the Hellenes: The Ancient Greeks, 1200 B.C. to A.D. 146
  5. Imperium Romanum: The Romans, 753 B.C. to A.D. 300
  6. The Revolutionary Rabbi: Christianity, the Roman Empire, and Islam, 4 B.C. to A.D. 1453
  7. From Old Rome to the New West: The Early Middle Ages, A.D. 500 to 1000
  8. The Medieval Mêlée: The High and Later Middle Ages, 1000 to 1500
  9. Making the Modern World: The Renaissance and Reformation, 1400 to 1648
  10. Liberation of Mind and Body: Early Modern Europe, 1543 to 1815
  11. Mastery of the Machine: The Industrial Revolution, 1764 to 1914
  12. The Westerner’s Burden: Imperialism and Nationalism, 1810 to 1918
  13. Rejections of Democracy: The InterWar Years and World War II, 1917 to 1945
  14. A World Divided: The Early Cold War, 1945 to 1980
  15. Into the Future: The Contemporary Era, 1980 to the Present
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Theme

Summaries

Keywords

Review Questions

Study Guide for Chapter 6
The Revolutionary Rabbi Christianity, the Roman Empire, and Islam, 4 B.C. to A.D. 1453

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Theme

Christianity transformed the culture of the Roman Empire, but it falls, and Islam rises as a new competing culture.

Summaries

The Son of Man
Yeshua benJoseph of Nazareth became Jesus Christ and gave birth to the new religion of Christianity.

The Cultural War
The Romans persecuted Christians at first, next Constantine legalized the faith, then later emperors made Christianity the state religion.

Roma Delenda Est
Rome was once again destroyed, this time by Germanic invaders who became the rulers of Western Europe.

Struggle for the Realm of Submission
The rise of the culture of Islam and Arabic power claimed large parts of the former Roman Empire.

Keywords

The Son of Man
Christianity, Yeshua of Nazareth / “Jesus Christ,” Gospels, Messiah, orthodoxy, heresy, Gnosticism, apostolic succession, secular clergy, bishops, councils, baptism, mass, excommunication

The Cultural War
Paul of Tarsus, paganism, heathenism, martyrs, Constantine, Constantinople, Edict of Milan, saints, Council of Nicaea, Arianism, intellectualism, anti-intellectualism

Roma Delenda Est
Augustine of Hippo, pacifism, Huns, Germanic barbarian migrations, vandalism, Germanic barbarian kingdoms, Byzantium or Byzantine Empire, cæsaro-papism, Emperor Justinian, Justinian Code

Struggle for the Realm of Submission
Islam, Zoroastrianism, Muslims, islamicization, arabization, Turks

Review Questions

Other Questions

 

Last Updated: 8 January 2017